Pre-departure notes

8. Health Issues


  • Pre-travel consultation
    • You should discuss with your family doctor before travel

                    if you have any medical problem

  • Medications that you need to take regularly should be

carried as hand baggage

  • Make a record of medicines that you are using
  • Check with your travel agent, doctor or your host university

for the types of vaccines required. These may include

vaccination against hepatitis A and B, yellow fever (required

under the International Health Regulations if you visit certain

countries in Africa and South America), typhoid fever, etc.

  • If vaccination is required, inform the health professional

about any allergy you may have before receiving the vaccine

  • Prepare a travel medical kit containing a thermometer, masks,

desindectants such as alochol swabs and mdeications as

  • Consider obtaining travler's health insurance because medical

care can be costly or not readily available overseas, and

sometimes repatriation is needed


  • Diarrhoea (腹瀉)
    • Drink plenty of fluid and eat a diet of non-greasy, easily

digestible food


  • Avoiding Mosquito-Borne Diseases
    • Mosquito can transmit several lethal diseases such as Yellow

Fever, Dengue Fever, Japanese Encephalitis and Malaria

  • Avoid being outdoors during mosquito feeding times (between

duck and dawn for Malaria, daytime for Dengue Fever)

  • Stay in air-conditioned rooms or those protected by screens
  • Apply insect repellent to exposed skin. Choose one containing

DEET (N, Ndienthyl-3-benzamide). Repeated application may be

required. Concentration of “DEET” should not exceed 35% for

adult (all undergraduates are assumed to be an adult)


  • Sexually transmitted diseases
    • Beware of the dangers of casual sex while you are abroad (or

even go to mainland as well)

  • A single exposure is sufficient to transimt HIV virus (which cause

AIDS) or other sexually transmitted diseases if your sexual partner

happens to be a carrier

  • Using condoms correctly provides some protection from getting

the sexually transmitted disease but the golden rule is to refrain

from promiscuity and never have sex with strangers


  • Accidents
    • When hiring vehicles, you should check carefully the insurance coverage, a well as the state of the tyres, safety belts, lights,

brakes, etc.

  • Be careful in high-risk activities like sky driving, shooting rapids,

high altitude trekking, diving, etc.


  • After the trip
    • If you have fever, rash, to name just a few, that you had been to

an area with a recent outbreak of infectious diseases or had been

in contact with some sick people or had travelled to rural or

developing areas, remember to tell your doctor where you have



  • For further information, please visit UHS website at


 ** Before travel, for the person who (1) feels unwell or has a fever

and (2) has been in close contact with suspected or confirmed

Avian Flu/Middle East Respiratory Syndrome patients in the last

10/14 days, is not advised either  NOT to travel or seek medical